—Joseph Addison Alexander. Ver. Someone has said that there are few in heaven who wore crowns on earth; and I am afraid it is true that, of all who are crowned on earth, few ever get to that land where all are kings and priests unto God. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? That is a thing to make a man King — when in the day of trouble God comes to him, hears his prayer and works his deliverance, when none else can help. It may not be best for us that the trial should come to an end; it may be far more to our advantage that by its pressure we should learn patience. c) They sing as they proceed in service, in worship, in holiness, in suffering. He was now in a strait, and God comes in haste to him. "They shall sing in the ways of the Lord." These eight Psalms are the devout Israelite's Manual of private prayer and praise. His cheering anticipation—of revival, defence, deliverance. Ver. Nor is it the knowledge only of truth that we obtain, but the operation and efficacy of it on our souls. Joshua 2:24. Thou makest me brave in my soul (with) strength. 2. 6. Thou shalt strike them with thy left hand, and save me with thy right; so Tremellius senses it. II. 1. Oh how infinite is the distance between him and us! Who can think or speak of his highness in a suitable manner? Psalms 138:6. The word is the glass in which we see God, and seeing him are changed into his likeness by his Spirit. Where humility is the corner stone, there glory shall be the top stone. The Christian stays not till he comes to heaven for all his comfort. —Joseph Addison Alexander. David, under a sense of Jehovah's glory, exclaimed, "I will sing" (Psalms 138:1), and here he represents the kings as doing the same thing. 2. In the third part (Psalms 138:7-8), the psalmist comes back to his own needs, and takes to his heart the calming assurance born of his experience, that he bears a charmed life. In a sense sufficiently striking this promise was fulfilled to David, and to the nation of Israel, as surrounding monarchs beheld the wonderful dispensations of divine providence which attended their steps (2Sa 5:11 8:10); but in its completest sense, it shall realize its accomplishment in the future conquests of Messiah, when the princes and potentates of the earth receive his word, learn by divine grace to celebrate the glorious methods of his love, and see in the light of faith the greatness of Jehovah's glory as the God of salvation. A Psalm of David.Some believe that the Chief Musician is the Lord GOD Himself, and others suppose him to be a leader of choirs or musicians in David’s time, such as Heman the singer or Asaph (1 Chronicles 6:33, 16:5-7, and 25:6). His perfecting us. He was a king, yet he expected trouble; and do you complain when it comes to your cottage, after it had been to David’s palace? Christ the sanctuary. How will he act? This may refer to the Incarnate Word, the Son of God, who was called "the Word." I answer, it is a work of the Spirit of God, enabling a man to do and suffer what God would have him without fainting or backsliding. a. Thou hast bestowed the promise of perpetuity to my house and to my kingdom, which rises in grandeur and goodness above all thy past manifestations of thyself in behalf of thy people (2Sa 7:10 12-13 15-16 7:21-22 2Sa 24-26 29; 2 Samuel 7:21 especially, "For thy Word's sake ...hast thou done all these great things"; 2 Samuel 7:26, "And let thy name be magnified for ever" —an undesigned coincidence of language between the history and the Psalm). May the Lord hasten it in his own time, and the choral hosts of heaven be swelled by the presence of the crowned monarchs of earth! The LORD hath respect unto the lowly. What a firm salvation, then, is ours, which rests upon his word, when God has magnified that word above all his name! In full confidence David is prepared to own his God before the gods of the heathen, or before angels or rulers (Psalms 138:1-3); he declares that he will instruct and convert kings and nations, till on very highway men shall sing the praises of the Lord (Psalms 138:4-5). Ver. And great need have we of tenderness in our low estate; a little thing would crush us: we have such bruised and feeble souls, that unless we had One who would deal tenderly with us we must soon be destroyed. The Lord will perfect that which concerneth me. He will see to it that none of their precious things shall fail of completion; their life, their strength, their hopes, their graces, their pilgrimage, shall each and all be perfected. 6. —William Greenhill. Ver. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O Lord, when they hear the words of thy mouth. We are not only to adore the true God, but to do so in his own appointed way: the Jew looked to the temple, we are to look to Jesus, the living temple of the Godhead. Psalm 138. —Ebenezer Erskine, 1680-1754. 1. He that meets a spectacle or person which he cannot endure to look upon, avoids it, or turns from it while he is yet afar off; whereas, if the object be delightful, he draweth near and comes as close as he can. Thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. The first step is all the difficulty, and if you and I have been changed from enemies into sons, and had one spark of love to God kindled in our hearts, that is a mightier change than any that yet remains to be effected in order to make us perfect. Were our hearts as they ought to be when we read the Word, we would tremble at that more than at any manifestation of God since the world began in all his works; and if so be thou dost not see more of the glory of God in his Word than in his works, it is because thou hast little light in thee. A strengthened soul is sometimes the best answer to prayer: "Strengthened me with strength.". The state of the Heathen world clearly attests this; for they behold the wonders of Creation and Providence, as well as we: "There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. —William Gurnall. It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. 2. 2. —John Morison. Ver. What thou freely promisedst, thou hast faithfully performed; what thou hast spoken with thy mouth thou hast fulfilled with thy hand; for which thy name is wonderfully to be magnified. The LORD is good to all, And His tender mercies are over all His works. This Psalm is wisely placed. The soul's noblest exercise: "worship", "praise.". 3. The name of God includes all the perfections of God; everything that God is, and which God has revealed himself as having—his justice, majesty, holiness, greatness, and glory, and whatever he is in himself, that is God's name. Ver. His Sabbath is the Sabbath of an achieved purpose, of a fulfilled counsel. One who was a scoffer met a humble child of God one morning, and he said to him, “Tell me, is your God a great God or a little God,” and the poor man said, “Sir, he is both, for, though he is so great that the heaven of heavens cannot contain him, yet he makes himself so little that he condescends to dwell in my poor heart.” Ah, it was sweetly said. See how the people of God plead with God in greatest distress (Isaiah 64:8): "But now, O Lord, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we are all the work of thy hand. Adversaries may be many, and malicious, and mighty; but our glorious Defender has only to stretch out his arm and their armies vanish. --Christopher Wordsworth. I will praise thee with my whole heart. If this Psalm refers to the promise in 2 Samuel 7:1-29, there can be no doubt of the correctness of the superscription, which ascribes it to David. Thou shalt stretch forth thine hand. His loving kindness. Before the gods. Probably (Aq., Symm., Jer., etc.) Yea, they shall sing in the ways of the LORD. An incident of the road to the city. Psalms 138:3. This is a disposition that best serves God's great design of lifting up and glorifying his free grace. 3. 3. TITLE. A. 3. In the day when I cried thou answerest me. This is the fact which would revive fainting David. —Ebenezer Erskine. I will praise thee with my whole heart — With uprightness of intention, and fervency of affection. Ver. This Psalm has manifold points of contact with its predecessor. I will...praise thy name for thy lovingkindness. —Franz Delitzsch. Oh, that it were come! They have comfort in them: "Though I walk", etc., "thou wilt revive me.". Answers to prayer should be noted and acknowledged: "Thou answeredst me.". He would worship God in God's own way. Ver. We relieve the poor as their need increaseth; so Christ comforts his people as their troubles multiply. It does not appear, nor is it material to enquire, upon what occasion David penned this psalm; but in it, I. After a perfect courtship, they had a perfect wedding. Ver. Ver. Answers to prayer. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, O Lord, when they hear the words of thy mouth. 1. 2. Before the gods will I sing praise unto thee. Chapter 138. A complete set of The Treasury of David in book form is available from Pilgrim Publications, PO Box 66, Pasadena, TX 77501. Thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. Burgon. the meaning is, "Before, or in the presence of, the gods of the heathen, i.e., in scorn of, in sight of, the idols, who can do nothing, I will praise Jehovah, who does miracles for me and his people." Ver. Ver. 4. “Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me: Psalms 138:7. 2. 7. The work remains in print today in several editions. Since we have it written upon our hearts that God will perfect his work in us, and we see it also written in Scripture that his mercy changeth not, with holy earnestness entreat that we may not be forsaken. —Andrew Robert Fausset. This Psalm is entitled "a Psalm of David", and Calvin considers him to be its author agreeably to the title; but the mention of "the temple" in this verse seems to render such an opinion doubtful. When he rests, it is because, looking on his work, he sees it all "very good." 2. What God requires of us, nothing in Creation or Providence can inform us: what he will do for us, we cannot ascertain: how he will deal with us, we cannot ascertain. —Speaker's Commentary. Assured of the love of God and the truth of his word, let us cling the closer to these. Look over the face of the globe, and see how many, who were once under the unrestrained dominion of sin, are now transformed into the image of their God. 4. The Chaldee has judges, the Syriac kings, and the earlier Greek fathers explain it as a reference to the choirs of Priests and Levites in the Temple. Treasury of Scripture Knowledge. There is in Divine truth, when applied by the Holy Spirit, a power to wound, to sanctify, to save: Psalms 19:7-11. It is ignorance of its glory and grace that makes silence possible: but to hear it as God’s word of caring love is to be compelled to extol. enemies, and thy right hand shall save me. The palaces which we build are ever like that in the story, where one window remains dark and without jewels, while the rest blaze in beauty. —John Trapp. O that the blind eyes of men could once behold it, then their hearts would be subdued to joyful reverence. 2. Read Psalm 138:8 commentary using The Treasury of David. This is spoken of kings, but it is true of the humblest pilgrims. They "walk in the midst" of them; faint, yet pursuing; sometimes they "run with patience", etc. Ver. 1. Thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. He who has gone so far will surely persevere with us to the end. Ver. 2. This is the "word" that he hath "magnified above all his name", as displaying at once the exceeding greatness of his power, the resources of his manifold wisdom, and the blended glories of holiness and love. Ver. When we are somewhat in trouble it is bad enough, but it is worse to penetrate into the centre of that dark continent and traverse its midst: yet in such a case the believer makes progress, for he walks; he keeps to a quiet pace, for he does no more than walk; and he is not without the best of company, for his God is near to pour fresh life into him. They are low in their own esteem, and he makes them high in his esteem. Ver. 3. Thou strengthenedst me with strength in my soul. His wrath soon quenches their wrath; his hand stays their hand. He is "high" above the heavens; for "the heaven, yea, the heaven of heavens cannot contain him"; and he "humbleth himself" when "he beholds things that are in heaven." 1. I. To my mind it is one of the most remarkable expressions in the whole book of God. Ver. We need a broken heart to mourn our own sins, but a whole heart to praise the Lord's perfections. God's work in us will abide unto perfection because God's mercy towards us thus abideth. 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