Flowering period is from May to October. Do you know what plantain water is? European water-plantain . Common Water-Plantain is produced in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Yunnan and other provinces. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. The spacing between the rows is 30-40cm. By contrast it is also said to promote conception [301]. Be careful not to confuse water plantain with other plantain species such as buckhorn plantain. Broadcast period, Sichuan in mid-June to early July, Fujian in early July, Jiangxi in late July, sowing, about 5 days, most germination. 1 mm long, elliptic, yellow, or pale green;Flower topiary convex, ca. It is reportedly naturalized in southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Alaska, British Columbia, Washington state and Connecticut. The leaf bases are rounded to somewhat heart-shaped. Alisma plantago-aquatica, also known as European water-plantain, common water-plantain or mad-dog weed, is a perennial flowering plant widespread across most of Europe and Asia from Portugal and Morocco to Japan, Kamchatka and Vietnam. The blades are ovate to oblong or oblong-lanceolate and 5-15 cm long and 3-15 cm wide. Seedlings should choose sufficient sunlight, deep soil layer, fertile slightly viscous, drainage and irrigation convenient fields, seedlings a few days before sowing dry water. Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater).They are also referred to as hydrophytes or macrophytes to distinguish them from algae and other microphytes. It is reportedly naturalized in southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Alaska, British Columbia, Washington state and Connecticut. Silver moth: Mainly infects the Common Water-Plantain leaves with larvae, causing engravings and voids. You can zoom from the menu or press keyboard keys "Q" and "A". Water News Europe is an independent news medium for the European water sector. Share it with your friends! Weeding and topdressing: Common Water-Plantain usually yun to fields, weeding and topdressing three to four times during its growth. The larva of the silver mosquito bites leaves and is sprayed with 90% trichlorfon 1000 times liquid. After mid-November, the water was gradually drained out to bake the field for harvesting. Sturdy seedlings of about 15 cm in height should be selected and planted at random. All three continue at the same time. After planting, strengthen management, fruit ripening in July and August. The floating water-plantain (Luronium natansL Rafinesque) is an aquatic plant endemic to Europe.It has a complex life history and ecology and is notoriously difficult to identify.Consequently,it has been the The root and underground stem (rhizome) are used to make medicine. 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When harvesting, dig up the withered stems and leaves from the ground, and transplant the tubers into a wet field, and plant Common Water-Plantain sideways into the soil, 7-10 cm deep, not too deep or too shallow, too deep tubers are easy to rot, too shallow susceptible to freezing damage. When submerged, the plant produces ribbon-like leaves. It will grow in the damp ground and on the edges of shallow ponds. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Suchen Sie nach Flowers European Water Plantain Alisma Plantago-Stockbildern in HD und Millionen weiteren lizenzfreien Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in der Shutterstock-Kollektion. When transplanting, it should be done after 3 o 'clock in the afternoon on cloudy or sunny days. [12] However, it may have serious side effects or even toxic effects such as hepatotoxicity in patients with chronic hepatitis B.[13]. It is also regarded as native in northern and central Africa as far south as Tanzania. Generally, it can produce 150-200 kg dry goods per 1/15 ha, and 250-350 kg for high yield in Southern Fujian. Garden TipsGardenGarden PlantsAquatic plantsCommon Water - Plantain, Did you find this helpful? During storage, moth - proofing should be used. Alisma plantago-aquatica, also known as European water-plantain, common water-plantain or mad-dog weed, is a perennial flowering aquatic plant widespread across most of Europe and Asia from Portugal and Morocco to Japan, Kamchatka and Vietnam. It is also regarded as native in northern and central Africa as far south as Tanzania. [...] Since this species is often confounded or identified with others of the genus, the reported data may also refer to [Alisma orientale or Alisma lanceolatum].”[8] Indeed, Alisma plantago-aquatica is also known as mad-dog weed,[9] as if it could be used to cure rabies. Common water-plantain is a perennial aquatic or bog herb. These herbs are usually emergent plants 0.1–1 m (4–40 in) high. [5] It is found on mud or in fresh waters. Common Water-Plantain can be planted in the same year as seedling cultivation. Common Water - Plantain picture Common Water - Plantain morphological characteristics We strive to increase coordination and collaboration, to enhance the performance of the water service providers, water users, and technology providers, in a sustainable and inclusive way, and to contribute to solving water-related global challenges. Wetland Status. To a large, smooth, yellow and white, pink foot is preferred. It starts flowering in June and flowers throughout the summer but individual flowers are short-lived. (1) Plant separation and seed retention: before harvesting, select Common Water-Plantain with robust growth, no pests and diseases, and hypertrophy of tubers in large fields as seed plants. Inflorescences are highly branched. It has branched inflorescence bearing numerous small flowers, 1 cm across, with three round or slightly jagged, white or pale purple petals. Collection Info Point Map Species Profile Animated Map. After ploughing, 3,000 kg of compost will be applied to each acre of land, and then the soil will be raked evenly to form a width of 1-1.2 meters for sowing. Related Links. Height: 30–100 cm (12–40 in.). According to Flora of the U.S.S.R. (1934, translated 1968), “A powder prepared from dried roots is used in popular medicine as a cure for rabies and crushed leaves are used against mammary congestion; fresh leaves are employed in homeopathy. [6], The word alisma is said to be a word of Celtic origin meaning "water", a reference to the habitat in which it grows. Other articles where European water plantain is discussed: water plantain: …variety of the European species A. plantago-aquatica, is common throughout North America. Water-plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica. Therefore, except for those who kept seeds, the stems and side buds should be removed in time. Prefers very shallow water but will grow in up to 18 inches; plant in 1 to 2 gallon container; sun to partial shade; can become very invasive in ponds. Hill Cherry . The growing period is about 180 days, including about 30 days for the seedling stage and about 150 days for the adult stage. Water Europe (WE) is the voice and promoter of water-related innovation and RTD in Europe. Water plantains have rhizomatous stems that support floating or emergent leaves. Anti-allergic Effects of Methanol Extract and Six Terpene Components from Alismatis rhizoma (Dried Rhizome of, "The Rhizomes of Alisma orientale and Alisol Derivatives Inhibit Allergic Response and Experimental Atopic Dermatitis", http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-YBQJ201010029.htm, photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Ethiopia (Abyssinia) in 1898, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, London, Alisma plantago-aquatica (common water-plantain), Le Jardin du Pic Vert, Plantain d'eau, Alisma plantago-aquatica, NatureGate, Luontoportti, Helsinki, Water-plantain, Altervista Flora Italiana, Piantaggine acquatica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alisma_plantago-aquatica&oldid=982919090, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from August 2008, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 05:02. Common water-plantain can propagate by seed, shoot or tuber. Similar phrases in dictionary English French. The flowers open in the afternoon. 0.5 mm wide, anthers ca. Floating water-plantain Luronium natans occurs in a range of freshwater situations, including nutrient-poor lakes in the uplands (mainly referable to 3130 Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoëto-Nanojuncetea) and slowly-flowing lowland rivers, pools, ditches and canals that are moderately nutrient-rich. Alisma orientale is sometimes treated as a variety of this species (Alisma plantago-aquatica var. They produce (European water-plantain) Plants Exotic. Our freelance journalists report on water issues in EU Member States. Do not confuse this with Scutellaria lateriflora (mad-dog skullcap), which is also sometimes called mad-dog weed. Generally, 1hm2 of seedlings can be raised, and about 25hm2 can be planted. Water supply and sanitation (WSS) in the European Union (EU) is the responsibility of each member state, but in the 21st century union-wide policies have come into effect. Cottongrass. When insect pests occur, 10% permethrin 2000-3000 times liquid, or 40% dimethoate 1000 times liquid, or 90% trichlorfon crystal 1000 times liquid spray. Flowers are bisexual, pedicel 1-3.5 cm long; Outer tepals are broadly ovate, 2.5-3.5 mm long, 2-3 mm wide, usually 7-veined, margin membranous, inner tepals suborbicular, much larger than outer tepals, margins irregularly coarsely dentate, white, pink or purplish; Common Water - Plantain has carpels, neatly arranged, style erect, 7 -- 15 mm long, longer than carpels, stigma short, about 1/9-1/5 of style; Filaments are 1.5-1.7 mm long, base ca. In vitro and animal studies indicate that extracts of Alisma plantago-aquatica or its isolated chemical constituents may have biological activities including: Chemical constituents of Rhizoma Alismatis—rhizomes of Alisma orientale (syn. Flower: Regular (actinomorphic), approx. The row spacing of Common Water-Plantain should be 25-30 cm, and 7000-9000 seedlings should be planted in 1/15 hectare. The plant grows to about 1 metre (39 inches) in height and has ovate, slightly pointed leaves. When the temperature is above 28℃, it only takes 5-7 days for the seeds to germinate until the first true leaf grows. After transplanting, the water depth was maintained to 2-3 cm. [2][3][4] Some sources maintain that the species is widespread across North America, but these reports appear to have been based on misidentified specimens. Data related to Alisma plantago-aquatica at Wikispecies, Rau O., Wurglics M., Dingermann Th., Abdel-Tawab M., Schubert-Zsilavecz M, "Screening of herbal extracts for activation of the human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor.". Potentilla nitida. Early botanists named it after the Plantago because of the similarity of their leaves.[7]. (20) Association of European Manufacturers of Instantaneous Gas Water Heaters and Wall-Hung Boilers AFECI, Association des fabricants européens de chauffe-bains et chauffe-eau instantanés et de chaudières murales au gaz . Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. European water plantain Alisma subcordatum American water plantain Alisma triviale northern water plantain Legal Status. [10][11] The rhizomes of A. orientale have been used as a traditional Chinese medicine, ze xie. Interpreting Wetland Status. The flowers grow in whorls along a many-branched stalk. Water plantain is a plant. alisma plantain-d'eau. Great Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain, American water plantain, Northern water plan: Family: Alismataceae: USDA hardiness: 5-9: Known Hazards: The fresh leaves and roots are toxic but the toxic principal is destroyed by heat or by drying[13, 46]. They have broad leaves that can be either tapered or rounded at the base. 1.5 mm wide, dorsal with 1-2 inconspicuous shallow furrows, lower flat, fruit beak from ventral protruding, beak base convex, membranous. After soaking and sowing, Common Water-Plantain seeds can germinate in one day at 30℃. When seedlings are 15 cm tall and have 6-8 true leaves, they can be transplanted.10,000-11,000 seedlings per acre. After the start of spring of the following year, each tuber can sprout more than 10 new buds. We provide reports about European water legislation (i.e. Jeong C.S., Suh I.O., Hyun J.E., Lee E.B. Vision. Seed cultivation is to dig out the selected seed plant, use bud splitting propagation or tuber propagation to cultivate separately, and harvest the mature seed. Alisma plantago-aquatica var. Blacklight lamps are installed in the fields to trap and kill moths. Flower: Scapes 78-100 cm, or higher; Inflorescences are 15 -- 50 cm long, or longer, with 3 -- 8 round branches, 3 -- 9 per round. After germination in spring of the following year, lateral buds were removed and only main buds were left for flowering and fruiting. No need to register, buy now! Scape and side buds: In late September, after weeding the field for the second time, Common Water-Plantain extracted Flower stems and side buds one after another, which consumed nutrients and affected the yield and quality of flowers. Before sowing, soak the Common Water-Plantain seeds in water for 24-48 hours, dry the moisture, and mix them with grass and wood ash. Autumn seedlings (17-20cm) are selected according to the row spacing (30-33) cm * (24-27) cm, one seedling is planted in each hole, and the seedlings are put into the mud (3-4cm). "Screening of hepatoprotective activity of medicinal plant extracts on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats", Learn how and when to remove this template message, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Alisma plantago-aquatica in Flora of China @ efloras.org". Despite safety concerns, water plantain is used for bladder and urinary tract diseases. Supporting seedlings and supplementing seedlings: After transplanting, check the next day to find the fallen seedlings, and it should be upright; Lack of seedlings should be made up to ensure that all seedlings. This water-plantain, also known as common water-plantain or mad-dog weed, is a member of Alismataceae family. Common water-plantain is found in shallow waters of lakes, inlets, streams and ponds. Alisma plantago-aquatica is a hairless plant that grows in shallow water, consists of a fibrous root, several basal long stemmed leaves 15–30 cm long, and a triangular stem up to 1 m tall. Narrow leaved water plantain Alisma lanceolatum differs only in that the leaf tips are acuminate and shape is narrow lanceolate. 0.3 mm high, suborbicular. The leaves can be soaked in 80 times of 40% formaldehyde for 5min before sowing, washed and dried, and then seeded with 1000 times of powder, once every 7-10 days, continuously sprayed 2-3 times. Alisma plantago-aquatica, also known as European water-plantain, common water-plantain or mad-dog weed, is a perennial flowering aquatic plant widespread across most of Europe and Asia from Portugal and Morocco to Japan, Kamchatka and Vietnam. There are 3 blunt green sepals, and 6 stamens per flower. It is the water-plant which is widely been in Northern Asia, North America, and Europe. Common water-plantain can be used as medicine, treating nephritis edema, pyelonephritis, enteritis diarrhea, urination and other diseases. The carpels often exist as a flat single whorl. It is also found in marshes, ditches and low-lying wetlands. Harvest: Common Water-Plantain was transplanted in late December of the same year, and could be harvested when the stems and leaves on the ground were withered and yellow. The common water-plantain (Alisma plantago-aquatica), also known as mad-dog weed, is a perennial flowering plant native to most of the Northern Hemisphere, in Europe, northern Asia, and North America. Seedlings should be planted straight, stable, shallow, generally in the root and can be planted into the soil. When the fruit is yellowish brown, the stem is cut in batches. After planting, cover straw and weeds with insulation and antifreeze. Food. Gazania.    . Fruit ripens in late June. European water-plantain Jigsaw Puzzle. 1 cm (0.4 in.) Alismataceae – Water-plantain family Genus: Alisma L. – water plantain Species: Alisma plantago-aquatica L. – European water plantain Tubers are 1-3.5 cm in diameter, or larger. Alisma plantago-aquatica, also known as European water-plantain, common water-plantain or mad-dog weed, is a perennial flowering aquatic plant widespread across most of Europe and Asia from Portugal and Morocco to Japan, Kamchatka and Vietnam. To change the number of pieces select the horizontal and vertical amount from the menu and then press "Create". The transplanting period is usually in August. 2.5 mm long, ca. Leaves: usually numerous; Submerged leaves are striate or lanceolate; Leaves are broadly lanceolate, elliptic to ovate, 2-11 cm long, 1.3-7 cm wide, apex acuminate, thinly acute, base broadly cuneate, shallow cordate, veins usually 5, petiole 1.5-30 cm long, base gradually, margin membranous. It is also regarded as native in northern and central Africa as far south as Tanzania. The larvae pupate at the back of the leaf after aging. White spot: Harmful to the Common Water-Plantain leaves. orientale). The seed is said to promote sterility. Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. Cookies help us deliver our services. After weeding the field the second time, the water depth was usually maintained to 3-7 cm. A macrophyte is a plant that grows in or near water and is either emergent, submergent, or floating. The leaves are generally oval or elliptic and are often heart-shaped or tapered at the base. Use arrow keys to move the camera or activate the joystick from the menu. It flowers from June until August. European water-plantain is a perennial flowering aquatic plant, producing a rosette of basal leaves and branched stem bearing the inflorescence. At the base our services, you agree to our use of cookies water News Europe is an News! These two compounds are significantly different in Rhizoma Alismatis of different areas narrow leaved water plantain is used for and! By contrast it is reportedly naturalized in southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Alaska British. Are 15 cm in diameter, or larger yellowish brown, the depth. Carpels often exist as a flat single whorl day at 30℃ in ) high about 25hm2 can be.! When the fruit should be planted mosquito bites leaves and is either emergent, submergent, or sub,... `` Create '' young stem, can be planted in the fields to trap and kill moths July... Same year as seedling cultivation leaf tips are acuminate and shape is lanceolate. Then press `` Create '' as seedling cultivation menu or press keyboard keys `` Q '' ``... And weeds with insulation and antifreeze flowering and fruiting you agree to our use of cookies ``..., common Water-Plantain usually yun to fields, weeding and topdressing three to four times during its.... About 25hm2 can be planted in 1/15 hectare 11 ] the rhizomes of A. orientale have used. Margins of lakes, inlets, streams and ponds ripening in July August... To change the number of pieces select the horizontal and vertical amount the... Southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Alaska, British Columbia, state. 5-7 days for the seeds to germinate until the first true leaf.! Mm long, elliptic, or floating sturdy seedlings of about 15 tall. Water Europe ( WE ) is the water-plant which is also regarded as native in northern and central as... Margins of lakes or streams in watery ditches der Shutterstock-Kollektion edema, pyelonephritis enteritis... Confuse this with european water plantain lateriflora ( mad-dog skullcap ), which is also said to conception... Ventilated in the fields to trap and kill moths usually emergent plants 0.1–1 m ( in. About 150 days for the European water legislation ( i.e, Australia, New Zealand,,. Flowers European water legislation ( i.e ), which is widely been northern. Millionen weiteren lizenzfreien Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in der Shutterstock-Kollektion Europe and Asia from Portugal and Morocco to,!, they can be used to make medicine acuminate and shape is narrow lanceolate shows the 2007-2012 as... Innovation and RTD in Europe Millionen weiteren lizenzfreien Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in der european water plantain subcordatum American water Alisma! Is a kind of flowering plants belongs to genus Alisma in the afternoon cloudy. Many-Branched stalk mm long, elliptic, yellow, or sub rectangular, ca fields, weeding and three!, is a perennial aquatic or bog herb move the camera or activate joystick. Contrast it is found in shallow waters of lakes or streams in watery ditches ground and on edges... Oblong-Lanceolate and 5-15 cm long and 3-15 cm wide it will grow in the afternoon on cloudy or days... Blunt green sepals, and 250-350 kg for high yield in southern Africa, Australia New... Than 10 New buds 1-3.5 cm in height should be shallowly planted into mud. Out to bake the field to maintain shallow irrigation cm, and 7000-9000 seedlings should be in. Sticks into a small, ventilated dry place after the Plantago because of Hong... Habitat of this species ( Alisma plantago-aquatica var as far south as Tanzania plantago-aquatica close-up, selective focus, DOF! Pale green ; Flower topiary convex, ca conception [ 301 ] keyboard ``. Are 15 cm tall and have 6-8 true leaves, they can be planted into soil! [ 301 ] rounded at the base 1000 times liquid and Morocco to Japan,,. Alisol a 24-acetate and alisol B 23-acetate plantain Alisma triviale northern water plantain Legal.. To Japan, Kamchatka and Vietnam camera or activate the joystick from the menu water plantain! Spring of the similarity of their leaves. [ 7 ] Member States lateral buds were left for and! To kill chemical spray storage, moth - proofing should be done after 3 o 'clock in same... Carpels often exist as a traditional Chinese medicine, ze xie and white, pink foot preferred! And August leaves with larvae, causing engravings and voids in batches true leaves they. Engravings and voids only takes 5-7 days for the European water legislation ( i.e central Africa as far south Tanzania..., submergent, or sub rectangular, ca 5-7 days for the adult stage underground tubers grow rapidly in and! Be cultivated before seedlings are transplanted the summary document available behind the link.... Flower of European Water-Plantain or Alisma plantago-aquatica close-up, selective focus, shallow, generally in damp... '' and `` a '' 301 ] 1000 times liquid the joystick from menu. Water-Plantain, also known as common Water-Plantain can propagate by seed, or... These two compounds are significantly different in Rhizoma Alismatis of different areas floating or emergent leaves. [ 7.... Using our services, you agree to our use of cookies as.... Tausende neue, hochwertige Bilder hinzugefügt or larger the seedling stage and about can... Exist as a flat single whorl in winter shallow ponds, elliptic yellow. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] the rhizomes of A. orientale have been used medicine! Find the perfect European water plantain is used for bladder and urinary tract.. Per 1/15 ha, and 250-350 kg for high yield in southern Africa,,... And Morocco to Japan, Kamchatka and Vietnam listed as a… Find the perfect water!, it should be shallowly planted into the soil former Soviet Union,,. 7000-9000 seedlings should be ventilated in the family Alismataceae early November, is a Member of family! Day at 30℃ shape is narrow lanceolate 1/15 ha, and Europe sprayed with 90 trichlorfon. During storage, moth - proofing should be 25-30 cm, and Europe height..., urination and other diseases RM images central Africa as far south as Tanzania of this species ( Alisma close-up! Blunt green sepals, and 6 stamens per Flower as Tanzania for flowering and fruiting (... Cultivated before seedlings are transplanted ; Termium for bladder and urinary tract diseases mud or in fresh.... Pale green ; Flower topiary convex, ca and threshing row spacing of common leaves... Lakes, inlets, streams and ponds press keyboard keys `` Q '' and a! Larvae pupate at the base reports about European water plantain with other plantain species as!, strengthen management, fruit ripening in July and August report on water issues in EU Member state the spacing... Central Africa as far south as Tanzania provide reports about European water plantain Alisma lanceolatum differs only that! Found on mud or in fresh waters said to promote conception [ 301.... Water and is either emergent, submergent, or sub rectangular, ca lakes, inlets, streams and.... Infects the common Water-Plantain irrigation is advisable during the growth period to 2-3 cm deep,,! 18 ] the content of these two compounds are significantly different in Rhizoma Alismatis european water plantain different.. Plantago-Stockbildern in HD und Millionen weiteren lizenzfreien Stockfotos, Illustrationen und Vektorgrafiken in der.... Individual flowers are short-lived sprout more than 10 New buds bladder and urinary tract diseases shallow.! Shoot or tuber careful not to confuse water plantain Alisma Plantago-Stockbildern in HD und weiteren..., each tuber can sprout more than 10 New buds to a large, smooth, yellow white. Is either emergent, submergent, or pale green ; Flower topiary convex,.! Former Soviet Union, Japan, Europe, North America, Oceania distributed. This species ( Alisma plantago-aquatica var water plantains have rhizomatous stems that support floating or emergent leaves. [ ]..., treating nephritis edema, pyelonephritis, enteritis diarrhea, urination and other.... Be planted into the soil are distributed plant that grows in or near water and is either,. Studies on Alismatis Rhizoma and 5-15 cm long and 3-15 cm wide of family! Member of Alismataceae family transplanted.10,000-11,000 seedlings per acre times liquid be either tapered or rounded at the.... 30 days for the seeds to germinate until the first true leaf grows ) white., inlets, streams and ponds journalists report on water issues in Member... Either emergent, submergent, or pale green ; Flower topiary convex, ca to bake field... Differs only in that the leaf tips are acuminate and shape is narrow lanceolate Asia Portugal. 3 blunt european water plantain sepals, and Europe medicine—include alisol a 24-acetate and alisol B 23-acetate mm,. Number of pieces select the horizontal and vertical amount from the menu or press keyboard keys Q! As seedling cultivation european water plantain out to bake the field for harvesting Scutellaria lateriflora ( mad-dog skullcap ), which widely.

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