It forms more useful fractions for commercial use. Providing study notes, tips, and practice questions for students preparing for their O level or upper secondary examinations. The joining of monomers together to form polymers along with the elimination of water molecules. one advantage of using gasoline rather than ethanol. Experimental chemistry; 2. Explain what is meant by unsaturated. Must use nickel as catalyst and heat. which can be obtained from 16g of methane. ii. d. Which compounds are isomers of each other? Alkene reacts with water, in the form of steam, to produce alcohol. Mix bromine solution with alkene (for liquid alkenes – shake). I do not follow any specific textbook. iii. O . Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes only 2 or 3 hydrogen are attached to a carbon atom. The product is carboxylic acid and water. Get free Kenyan K.C.P.E, K.C.S.E and Campus and College exam papers and KCSE revision materials. Home Specifications > > > > > > Videos Books Extra resources Contact ... 1.5 Introduction to Organic Chemistry notes. The syllabus includes the main theoretical concepts which are fundamental to the subject, a section on some current applications of chemistry, and a strong emphasis on advanced practical skills. These include Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkyls, Alcohols and Carboxylic Acids. Refined and cleared by KmQ! ii. They have –COOH functional group (carboxyl group), All carboxylic acids end with suffix –oic acid. Formulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept; 4. Since only some C=C bonds react with hydrogen, margarine is partially hydrogenated and each has different hardness, depending on the number of C=C bonds. Example: Zn(OH)2   + H2SO4ZnSO4    2H2O   Water of Crystalization: …, February 10, 2016 I hope you find them useful. When naphtha is treated, not only it becomes a better fuel, it also contain more aromatic hydrocarbons, alkene and cyclic hydrocarbons which are important for petrochemical industry. 11, Bases: Bases are metal oxides and metal Hydroxides. Sulphur is burned in …, February 8, 2016 Explain your answer. b. Collection Of Gases: Upward Delivery: Upward delivery is used to collect gases that are less dense than air. Butadiene can be made by cracking butane in a cracking tower. The mixture obtained after this reaction was tested using Universal Indicator. Part 1 - Experimental Chemistry. hydrocarbons which the combining capacity of the carbon atoms is as fully used as possible in bonding with hydrogen atoms. From this repeat unit, to find the monomer formula, we add double bond between C – C and remove the bonds on each of their sides. ii. When dissolved in water, they can conduct electricity. Are homologous series with general formula C, They have –OH functional group (hydroxyl group), First three members of the series (so that you’d have idea on the next), For alcohol, the –OH is not of hydroxide ion, OH. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes 6, Acids: An acid is a substance, which forms H+ ions. :D . The particulate nature of matter; 3. boiling point). Natural gas is passed over air and catalyst to form ethanoic acid and water. fullchemnotes. E.g. 2.0 Index of ALL revision notes on ALKENES. For alkene, double bond position can be changed. b. Margarine is manufactured using the addition reaction between hydrogen and a vegetable oil. Ester is organic compound made from carboxylic acid and alcohol with the removal of one molecule of water. Proteins can also be broken down into amino acids by boiling protein with sulfuric acid. I also tend to include additional details to … The linkage between monomers in nylon is called. crack alkane to get more valuable hydrocarbons. Typical First Year Organic Reactions Beauchamp 2 y:\files\classes\Organic Chemistry Tool Chest\Reactions Lists\Org rxns summary, SN-E, C=O, epoxides chem, with mechs.doc Important acid/base reactions used in the examples below. Sulfuric acid is added as catalyst then heat mixture. Ask questions. …, February 11, 2016 A Salt contains a positive metal ion and a negative non – metal ion. i. 3. HClH+     +    Cl – H+ ion is proton Acids are called proton donors as provide H+   ions   General Properties: Turns Blue Litmus Paper Red. Isomerism can occur in both alkanes and alkenes. Inorder to write an ionic equation: Write the balanced chemical equation of the reaction. Therefore, margarine is solid at room temperature. By naming the reagent and giving the observation, describe a simple test to confirm that olive oil contains an acid. Chemistry Notes that covers all topics according to the syllabus of Tanzaniais available in this site/blog, if you want to read or to view click the following link. cie-as-chemistry-9701-theory-v2-znotes : Download Important AS Chemistry Definitions : Download Cie-AS-Chemistry-9701 : Download; worksheet moles : Download AS-Organic-Reactions-white-v2 : Download List of Chemistry Definitions : Download; All Reaction Mechanisms for Organic Chemistry: Download; A-Level-Chemistry-Edexcel-Sample : Download Fermentation is breakdown of sugars into smaller molecules by microorganisms. The GCE ‘O’ Level Chemistry content here is equivalent to the Chemistry required to obtain American high school diploma. CIE A Level Chemistry 9701 Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry builds on the skills acquired at Cambridge IGCSE (or equivalent) level. to make ethene and another hydrocarbon as the only products. Tips and notes for English, General Paper, and … IGCSE revision book part 2. 1.5 Assessed Homework Task (mark scheme) 1.5 Test (mark scheme) For More Exam Questions on 1.5 Introduction to Organic Chemistry go to 1.6 Alkanes. Chemistry Notes. Lecture handouts. Identify ionic …, February 7, 2016 Also check out our other helpful revision resources for  O Level Chemistry (5070). What I do follow is a typical introductory (sophomore) organic chemistry curriculum. Download Free ‘O’ Level Chemistry Notes. 7a. Name the substance that reacts with ethene to make ethanol. A salt is formed when a metallic ion or an ammonium ion (NH4+) replaces one or more Hydrogen Ions of an acid. Butane cracks to form butadiene and one other product. b. Therefore we can also call nylon as polyamide. Only that their monomers consists of glycerol and fatty acids; different from terylene. Calculate the percentage yield of butadiene. Glucose polymerise each other to form starch. Comparing ethanol and gasoline as liquid fuels, suggest, i. one advantage of using ethanol rather than gasoline, ii. Personal Tips: Chemistry is actually very easy! You can find notes and exam questions for Additional math, Elementary math, Physics, Biology and Chemistry. Our Notes are Easy-to-Follow, Handwritten Chemistry Pdf Notes that Combine Your Book and Chemistry Notes into One, Simple, Easy-to-Understand Format. b. Fructose is a carbohydrate. what is the name of the gas produced during this fermentation? i. Fats can also be broken down to sodium salts of fatty acids and glycerol by boiling it with an acid or alkali. Predict the results of the tests for both heptane and water. i. deduce the molecular formula of heptane. Due to different chain length, they have different physical properties (e.g. small molecules (monomers) join together to form one molecule as the only product. - If you can’t do a question, use a red-pen to circle it, fold the page! Alkanes can be cracked into shorter chain hydrocarbons because of the higher value it has that it can create more variety of products in petrochemical industries. revision Y10 chemistry part 1. Igcse Chemistry Revision Notes, O Level Chemistry Revision Notes CHEMISTRY STUDY NOTES, FORM THREE. 2, Homologous Series: A set of organic compounds with similar chemical properties, with a general formula and showing a gradation in physical properties as a result of increase in the size of mass of the molecule. By naming the reagent and giving the observation, describe a simple test to confirm that oleic acid is unsaturated. 0, Properties Of Ammonia: Colourless gas, with strong choking smell. Introduction to Organic Chemistry, Review, Molecular Structure. If this is too basic for you, you can read up on A Level Chemistry (equivalent to … ii. Name a source of the methane required for this reaction. Contact Process: Sulphuric Acid is manufactured using Sulphur, Air and Water. di. It is a colorless liquid with a boiling point of 100ºC. 8a. H H + . OH is used in Brazil as a liquid fuel instead of gasoline (petrol). c. Which compound reacts with sodium carbonate? This adds water molecule into the polymer. d. Give the name of the product and the conditions needed for the reaction of ethene with water. Download and Read Form 3 Chemistry Notes Form 3 Chemistry Notes Form Three Chemistry Notes PDF. ------ GCE Study Buddy ------ The Best O Level revision resource, Effects of human activity on the ecosystem, Chemical Calculations Challenging Questions, Similarity/Congruency & Ratios of length, area & volume, Living With Tectonic Hazards - Risk or Opportunity, Kinematics: Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration, Measurements of Length, Mass, Density, and Time, Others with oxygen, nitrogen, or a halogen, Is the special group of atoms available in homologous series compounds which is responsible for the chemical properties of the compound, All compounds in homologous series have functional group except alkanes. Proteins can be called as polyamide as it has. O Level Chemistry (GCE, GCSE, iGCSE, Edexcel) moles-formulae-equations-questions : Download Data Sheet - Revision : Download aa - O-Level-Chemistry-Notes-watermarked-protected : Download cie-igcse-chemistry-0620-theory : Download iGCSE MCQs - Experimental Chemistry / Kinetic Particle Theory / Separation Techniques - Worksheet - 2002-2014 : Download The Chemistry notes cover topics such as chemical bonding, qualitative analysis (testing for cations, anions, and gases), organic chemistry, acids, bases, and salts, electrolysis, etc. This makes my notes truly universal. 16, Measurement: The following table shows the appropriate apparatus needed for the measurement of time, temperature, mass and volume used in Experimental Chemistry. The Best Chemistry AS and A Level Notes, Revision Guides, Tips and Websites compiled from all around the world at one place for your ease so you can prepare for your tests and examinations with the satisfaction that you have the best resources available to you. Draw the displayed formula for ethene, bii. 11, Matter: Matter is any substance that has mass and occupies space. The following questions refer to compounds with the structures drawn below. ii. February 17, 2016 Download Chemistry Notes in Pdf Format. f. Ethene can be made into poly(ethene). Get them Instantly. Starch can also be broken down into glucose by heating with sulfuric acid. From this list, choose two terms which can be applied to each of the compounds below. Predict the results of the tests for both heptane and water nucleophiles, Download Chemistry Notes form Chemistry... ’ Level Chemistry Revision Notes made for the reaction, both ethene another. 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